Potato Farming is the most consumed food in the World. This vegetable developed in South America and now produced all over the World. The Botanical name of this super veggie is Solanum tuberosum L which is The king of vegetables called potato. Potatoes are the most economical food and are thought of as a poor man’s friend. In India, Potatoes have uniqueness, and most people consume this delicious food. Hence, it highly required among the Indian people. Due to the same, Potato agriculture has been done in the nation for more than 300 years. And it is the 4th most important meal crop after wheat, rice and maize.
Potato crops relate to the nightshade, Solanaceae and are the World’s most significant food crop. They are a high reference of starch vitamins, especially C and B1 and minerals. Thus, they deliver a source of low-cost power to the human diet. Potatoes used for various industrial purposes, such as starch and alcohol. In addition, potato starch used in apparel and textile mills to shape thread. Potatoes also used to make dextrin and glucose. However, potatoes turn into dry goods such as ‘potato chips’ or ‘sliced potatoes’ as a food product.
India is one of the highest growers of potatoes as most individuals choose it for cultivation. Therefore, potato cultivation is the best source of good earnings. It helps to acquire a high income and make agriculture businesses thrive. Here, in this blog, we delivered step by step guidelines for potato farming.
Soil & Climate Needed
Potatoes fast in well-drained soil, but they hate soggy ground. So basically, potatoes can develop on any soil except saline and alkaline soils. Naturally, loose soil supplies the least resistance to tuber expansion preferred. On the other hand, sandy and loamy soil are rich in organic issues with good drainage and aeration best suited for plant development. Soil has 5.2-6.4 pH is best for potatoes. Climatically, Potatoes are produced at temperatures of 24℃ and tuber growth is good at temperatures of 20℃. Hence, the potato supposed to be a cool-weather crop. For harvesting potatoes, 14-20°C temperature needed. Usually, well-drained soil for potato farming is regarded as important soil and productive soil.
Apart from this, you should prepare the land with the help of a mileage tractor like Massey Ferguson 1035 DI and others. It can help in better germination.
Potato Land Preparation
The crop should ploughed by ploughing pulverised beds 20-25 cm deep. Harrowing should performed two or three terms after pushing. The soil should have fallen after one to two planking functions. Preserve enough moisture in the ground before planting. The land preparation needs farming implements like good quality tractors like Massey Ferguson 241 DI MAHA SHAKTI and others. They can easily do all the tasks of land preparation.
Potato Planting Time
Potatoes grown only under conditions where temperatures are slightly more comfortable during the growing season. Therefore, India’s optimum potato planted time differs from region to region. For illustration, in the hills of Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, the spring crop is sown in January-February, whereas the summer crop sown in May. In U.P, Haryana, Punjab, Bihar and West Bengal, the spring crop planted in January, whereas the significant crop is in October. In M.P Karnataka and Maharashtra, the Kharif crop was suppressed by June, whereas the Rabi crop was grown in mid-October-November.
For better potato crop cultivation, keep the potato vines well watered in summer, particularly during the flowering of plants and directly follow the flowering stages. The plants form their tubers in the flowering period, and a steady water supply is vital for best results. Potatoes require consistent moisture, so keep watering regularly as 1-2 inches of water or rain per week is suitable for potato production. It will help the potatoes start to heal for harvest time. Drip irrigation helps potato growers to enhance potato crops.
Potato Manure and Fertiliser
Chemical fertiliser use relies on available soil nutrient levels. Volcanic soils, for example, typically lack phosphorus, and in fertiliser needs, irrigated commercial farming relatively high. However, potatoes can profit from using organic fertiliser in a new process. This delivers a good nutrient balance and supports the soil structure. The crop’s fertiliser needs to accurately calculated according to the expected yield, potential of the type, and the use of the gathered harvest.
When accessing animal manures, potato farming, aged or composted manure the best, spread the manure over the garden before folding it into the top 6-8 inches of soil with a plough and shovel or rotary tiller-hoe.
The best time for harvesting potatoes is 75-120 days after planting, depending on the sowing area, soil type and variety. The crop should generally harvest when the soil is not too wet. When leaves turn yellow and dry, then pick the potato crop. The manufacturer is at ground level 8 days before harvesting.
This blog helps you do the productive farming of potatoes. For more details regarding framing, stay connected with us.
Also Read Content