One of the foremost issues facing humanity nowadays is climate change. It has a drastic impact on every walk of life, from education to health and households to industries. The main reason behind it is the excessive emission of greenhouse gasses. This damages the ozone layer and allows ultraviolet radiation from the sun to pass through it. These radiations are harmful to humans and other living beings and result in global warming.
As a result of global warming, we can see a significant change in the world climate. Excessive cold, heavy rainfalls, long summers or winters, melting of glaciers, and changing rivers’ courses result from climate change. Although reversing climate change is nearly impossible and requires extensive hard work, we can employ efficient strategies to adapt it.
Sectors Affected by Climate Change
The impact of climate change are spread over a wide range of areas and includes nearly every sector of life. Here is a brief discussion on how climate change affects different sectors of life.
Infrastructure stands as the lifeblood of an economy. Climate Change has compelled us to bring significant change in the infrastructure and buildings to make them more reliable and climate resistant. Areas prone to floods, storms and heavy snowfall need to focus on the specific design and considerations for infrastructure.
Energy is essential for life. The impact of climatic conditions is significant on energy resources, demand, and consumption. With fluctuations in weather conditions worldwide, the need for energy is also varying. The demand and supply needs have entirely transformed and are expected to change further in future.
Agricultural Sector depends highly on optimal climatic conditions that support the growth of different vegetation and crops. It is one of the most affected sectors facing issues due to climatic change. The variation in the duration of different seasons changing the supply of energy resources impacts this sector.
The impact of climate on industrial sectors is mainly in raw material procurement. With the variation in production in agricultural and other sectors industrial sector suffers from hurdles in timely procurement of desired raw materials.
All the sectors mentioned above transfer the impact on the economy. Changing climate brings a change in tourism, resulting in either gain or loss for an economy. Similarly, some businesses may flourish, and some might face losses.
Impact on Environment
The direct impact of variation in climate is on the environment. It includes soil erosion, which loses its fertility, minerals, and composition. Increased landslides, floods and other natural calamities harm the structure and composition of soil in an area. Marine life also suffers the most in this situation. The change in temperature and harmful elements in ocean water disturb marine life. As a result, the fish distribution might change in response to changes in ocean currents.
Throwing chemical waste, plastic, and other harmful elements in the sea pose a threat to marine life. It may increase the risk of endangered species also. It also then transfers the impact on the economy.
Approaches to Respond to Climate Change
Climate change has now become inevitable, and responding to it in the right manner is the need of time. Two approaches can be utilised for responding to this issue efficiently. These approaches are discussed below briefly.
- Mitigation: the first approach refers to the steps taken to reduce the impact of greenhouse gasses on the environment. It includes environment stabilising techniques and strategies.
- Adaptation: the second approach deals with adapting to the lifestyle and living conditions change. It deals with strategies related to an effective response to changing environment to minimise its harmful impact.
The ideal response is the one that integrates both approaches optimally and follows a comprehensive strategic plan.
Here are some of the strategies revolving around mitigation and adaptation approaches to climate change.
Plants and trees serve as the natural warriors to fight against environmental pollution. They help filter the atmospheric air to make it more breathable for humans and other organisms. They also prevent the sun’s scorching beams to reach the ground. Other benefits include prevention from soil erosion and others.
This is an initiative that every citizen must take, including kids and adults. Educational institutions must encourage students to plant trees and take care of them. Organizations can also introduce incentives for employees to show a socially responsible attitude towards the environment. This will gradually make adapting to climate change easier.
Promote Paper Less Environment
Deforestation is one of the leading causes of increasing global warming leading to global change. Promoting a paperless environment is an effort to reduce deforestation. Employing modern technological means and taking most of the work to an online platform helps reduce the excessive use and wastage of papers. Banks have introduced paperless transactions that have become a norm nowadays. Socially responsible organizations are also making efforts in this regard. Assignment writing service UK deliver assignments online instead of printing and sending them. These initiatives result in optimum paper use through which excessive deforestation can be curbed.
Enhance Mass Transit Means
The amount of carbon and other harmful gasses emitted from vehicles add up to environmental pollution significantly. This vehicle also consumes fuel that exhausts the deposits for non-renewable resources of a country. The more people use their vehicles for the daily commute; the more vehicles will be on-road and ultimately increase pollution in the environment.
On the other hand, improving mass transit means will encourage people to use them. This can significantly reduce the number of vehicles on roads daily. Consequently, there will be reduced carbon emissions, keeping the pollution rate low.
Be Proactive for Disasters
Climate change can also give rise to the rate of disasters in a geographic region. You must be prepared and ready to face any expected or unexpected natural disaster. Plan well and make arrangements for the required resources in advance. The most important thing is remaining calm and composed to think better and successfully execute the disaster management plan.
Adopting a creative approach towards climate change adaptation will efficiently help you deal with it. Opt for strategies with widespread impact on various areas. Keep in mind that change occurs gradually and does not happen overnight. You must be consistent in your efforts and patient enough to wait for the desired results. You will see a significant impact after some time.